He received the support from many unemployed war veterans. He organized his third movement Constituent Fascists inbut it was stillborn. Inmonarchy was dissolved and in the first political election was held. These certificates were issued in secret, so the public had no idea of this ever occurring, thus skillfully creating the illusion of a "free press".
Finally, on June 10th,with the Nazis looking assured of an easy victory over the French, Mussolini declared war on Britain and France.
Because the teachers at the village school could not control him, he was sent to board with the strict Salesian order at Faenza, where he proved himself more troublesome than ever, stabbing a fellow pupil with a penknife and attacking one of the Salesians who had attempted to beat him.
And as the same postwar depression heightened the allure of Marxism among an urban proletariat even more disenfranchised than their continental counterparts, fear regarding the growing strength of trade unionismcommunismand socialism proliferated among the elite and the middle class.
The campaign to support the German invasion of the Soviet Union also failed disastrously and condemned thousands of ill-equipped Italian troops to a nightmarish winter retreat.
They became bogged down in a battle of attrition against Austria-Hungary. In his autobiography, he related that if the women had struggled he would have strangled them. His father, Allesandro, was a blacksmith and an atheist who was heavily involved in Socialist politics, while his mother, Rosa, was a devout Roman Catholic schoolteacher.
Within a short time, he had attached himself to a group of Marxists. But although the premiership was now his, Il Duce—a master of propaganda who claimed the backing offascist militiamen when the real number was probably far lower—wanted to make a show of force.
In this climate, a massive march on Rome took place — a march against Il Duce. Infollowing the Axis defeat in North Africa, setbacks on the Eastern Front and the Anglo-American landing in Sicilymost of Mussolini's colleagues including Count Galeazzo Cianothe foreign minister and Mussolini's son-in-law turned against him at a meeting of the Fascist Grand Council on July 25 Mussolini was killed two days before Hitler committed suicide.
They became bogged down in a battle of attrition against Austria-Hungary. Over the next three years, the political situation in Italy was extremely unstable, with four prime ministers and coalition governments, none of which was able to yield any real power. He declared that only the Fascists could provide stability in the country and it would be achieved through dictatorship.
This led to nationwide protest against Mussolini and his party of thugs, with many people calling on the king to depose the Prime Minister. The next year police rounded-up Socialists, and the government restricted their publishing activities. In Aprilafter a brief war, he annexed Albania. Many units simply disbanded, some reached the Allied-controlled zone and surrendered, a few decided to start a partisan war against the Nazis, and a few rejected the switch of sides and remained allied with the Germans.
Mussolini was a great leader who got drunk with absolute power, which led to his downfall and ended his dream of an imperial Italy.
He became the leader of the fascist Blackshirts after the end of the Great War and took power in after the March on Romeforcing Prime Minister Luigi Facta to resign.
His polemic style and growing defiance of Royal authority and, as hinted, anti-clericalism put him in trouble with the authorities until he was finally deported at the end of September. For the next eighteen months, Mussolini played this role, an impotent leader who ruled over a people who hated him and that was surrounded by armed Nazis and approaching Allies.
The following year the nucleus of a party prepared to support his ambitious idea was formed in Milan.
In this weeks, Biographics we track the life and death of Benito Mussolini. The Inspector General wrote: Mussolini proved erratic in his response to the prospect of fighting a European war alongside the Nazis. He now had a national forum with which to air his views.
Once again, the country was in a state of economic chaos.Previous Offices: Duce (–), Prime Minister of Italy (–) Son of a humble family (his father was a blacksmith and his mother teacher of school), Benito Mussolini studied magisterium, to whose term it was professor during periods never too long, because it combined the teaching activity with continuous trips.
Benito Mussolini came to power in At first, he ruled in a democratic and constitutional manner, but inhe turned Italy into a one-party, totalitarian state, with himself as sole leader. He would forcefully govern Italy until when the Allied invasion of the country led to his downfall.
Oct 29, · Watch video · Benito Mussolini was an Italian political leader who became the fascist dictator of Italy from to Originally a revolutionary socialist. Oct 29, · MUSSOLINI’S BODY; SOURCES; Benito Mussolini was an Italian political leader who became the fascist dictator of Italy from to Originally a revolutionary socialist, he forged the paramilitary fascist movement in and became prime minister in Mussolini, Benito (–) Italian fascist dictator, prime minister (–43).
Mussolini turned to revolutionary nationalism in World War I, and in founded the Italian fascist movement. The fascists' march on Rome in secured his appointment as prime minister.
Benito Mussolini served as Italy’s 40th Prime Minister from until He is considered a central figure in the creation of fascism and was both an influence on and close ally of Adolf Hitler during .Download