For many generations Socrates has been regarded as a hero and classified with those individuals whose martyrdom has contributed much to the cause of freedom and justice in the world. At any rate, we may be fairly certain that, even though Socrates has been to some extent idealized by his pupil, the account given represents what Plato believed to be true about his teacher.
And I think that what I am going to say will do you good: Why should they too support me with their testimony? When I began to talk with him, I could not help thinking that he was not really wise, although he was thought wise by many, and wiser still by himself; and I went and tried to explain to him that he thought himself wise, but was not really wise; and the consequence was that he hated me, and his enmity was shared by several who were present and heard me.
Instead, he addressed himself to the larger implications involved in the so-called crimes of which he had been accused. Teaching people to improve themselves by learning how to think clearly and correctly was in his judgment the most valuable service that he could render, and he would have it available for all who would take advantage of it, regardless of their ability to pay, their social position, or any other consideration.
Therefore, to disobey this command in order to save his own life would be a disgraceful thing to do. For which reason also, I am not angry with my accusers, or my condemners; they have done me no harm, although neither of them meant to do me any good; and for this I may gently blame them.
These, too, are based on falsehoods, for he has had no interest in the physical sciences and has never claimed to have any wisdom about matters of this kind. When I heard the answer, I said to myself, What can the god mean?
That material wealth is a consequence of goodness; that the god does not permit a better man to be harmed by a lesser man; and that he is the social gadfly required by Athens: He did not believe in the dark and disturbing legends that were being circulated about them.
But when the oligarchy of the Thirty was in power, they sent for me and four others into the rotunda, and bade us bring Leon the Salaminian from Salamis, as they wanted to execute him.
This seems to have been the case when Aristophanes caricatured him in the comedy called The Clouds.
At last I went to the artisans, for I was conscious that I knew nothing at all, as I may say, and I was sure that they knew many fine things; and in this I was not mistaken, for they did know many things of which I was ignorant, and in this they certainly were wiser than I was.
Please to attend then. The truth is that in putting Socrates to death, they are harming themselves far more than they are doing harm to him. That his false reputation as a sophistical philosopher comes from his enemies, all of whom are malicious and envious of him, yet must remain nameless — except for the playwright Aristophaneswho lampooned him Socrates as a charlatan-philosopher in the comedy play The Clouds BC.
I am glad that I have extracted that answer, by the assistance of the court; nevertheless you swear in the indictment that I teach and believe in divine or spiritual agencies new or old, no matter for that ; at any rate, I believe in spiritual agencies, as you say and swear in the affidavit; but if I believe in divine beings, I must believe in spirits or demigods; - is not that true?
Why do you say that? Why, then, was Socrates sentenced to death? As a result of his investigations, he reports to the Athenians that he found the men most in repute were all but the most foolish and that some inferior men were really wiser and better than those held in high esteem.
In order to obtain answers to religious questions, intellectual Athenians would consult the popular poets, with their many stories having to do with the activities of the gods recognized by the state.
About corrupting the rich, young men of Athens, Socrates argues that deliberate corruption is an illogical action.
I expected it, and am only surprised that the votes are so nearly equal; for I had thought that the majority against me would have been far larger; but now, had thirty votes gone over to the other side, I should have been acquitted.
Atheist Socrates then addresses the second accusation — asebeia impiety against the pantheon of Athens — by which Meletus says that Socrates is an atheist. Although it was the stated reason for his indictment, the actual reason seems to have been the fact that his teachings were regarded as dangerous to those who were in positions of power.Plato's The Apology is an account of the speech Socrates makes at the trial in which he is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state, inventing new deities, and corrupting the youth of Athens.
Socrates' speech, however, is by no means an "apology" in. Apology: Defence Of Socrates By: Gregory Klima Apology Defense Of Socrates Plato 's The Apology is an account of the speech Socrates makes at the trial in which he is charged with the following 1) Not recognizing the gods recognized by the state 2) Corrupting the youth of Athens For the most part, Socrates spoke in a very plain, conversational.
As Socrates addresses the court, he sarcastically expresses his opinion of his counter parts by pointing out how smooth and slick they sound while conveying not but truth, but their own agenda, while going on to point out how while he may have been described as a deceiving and accomplished.
1 Apology/ Plato I. Charges against Socrates: 1) He studies things in the heavens and below the earth. This charge identifies S as a ‘natural philosopher’. The Formal Charges Against Socrates Thomas C.
Brickhouse, Nicholas D. Smith Ar n9a OF PLATO'S Apology, Socrates begins his defense against what he calls But from 24B to ~8A Socrates elects to address the charges of the "new" accusers by an interrogation of one of them, Mele- tus, the officiaP author of the indictment against him.
Plato, "The Apology" Abstract: Plato's account of Socrates' defense elucidates some main princples of the Socratic philosophy: (1) the Socratic paradox, (2) the Socratic method, (3)tending one's soul, and (4) death is not to be feared.Download